农业是所有经济体的重要产业，因为它提供人类食物等基本需求。随着生产率提高和日益全球化，农业行业的总产出 （或 GDP）和就业的比例在许多国家已经越来越低，包括发达国家和发展中国家。如何在其经济结构变化过程中稳定和改善这个重要行业是一个挑战性的问题。本文比较了不同国家的农业并侧重于像中国这样发展中国家如何可以借鉴其他发达国家经验来加强和改进自己的农业产业。
关键词︰ 农业产业，经济结构、 经济增长，全要素生产率。
International Comparisons of Agriculture Industry—
What China Can Learn from Others
Bill Y. Chen
University of the West, Los Angeles
Agriculture is an important industry in all economies since it provides basic needs and feeds people. With the improvements of its productivity and increasing globalization, the shares of the total outputs（or GDPs）and employments from the agriculture industry have been increasingly less in many countries, including both developed and developing countries. How to stabilize and improve this important industry during its economic structure change is a challenging issue to many countries. This paper compares the agriculture industry in different countries and focuses on how developing countries like China can learn from other developed countries on strengthening and improving their own agriculture industry.
Keywords：Agriculture Industry, Economic Structure, Economic Growth, Total Factor Productivity.
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