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美国安部拟制定三类人员的签证的“固定逗留期”
作者:朱惠悦 | 2020/9/24 6:35:01 | 浏览:425 | 评论:0

 

美国《国会山报》(The Hill)当地时间9月24日报道,美国国土安全部提议对国际学生、交流访问人员和外国媒体代表的签证时限进行规范,新规定将制定“固定逗留期”,根据目前的规定,此类签证持有者只要“遵守准入条款”就可以留在美国。

该提案将允许国际学生和交流访问人员在美国停留直到他们的课程结束,计划期限不得超过四年。另外来自签证逾期率高于10%的国家居民,签证将缩短至两年,随后必须申请延期。新的规定还提议将学生准备离校的时间减少到30天。对于入境的外国媒体从业者,新规定允许“完成计划活动所必需的”时限不超过240天,有机会延长逗留时间,但最长可延长240天。美国国土安全部声称,此举的目的是为了“确保美国移民系统的完整性”,美国国土安全部代理副部长肯·库奇内利(Ken Cuccinelli)在声明中声称,此三类非移民签证项目均“显著增长”,这些变化“至关重要”,减少欺诈行为以及加强国家安全。

 

 

DHS Proposes to Change Admission Period Structure for F, J and I Nonimmigrants

美国安部拟制定三类人员的签证的“固定逗留期”
Release Date: 
September 24, 2020

WASHINGTON—The Department of Homeland Security has announced a proposed rule to require a fixed period of stay for international students, exchange visitors and foreign information media representatives to encourage program compliance, reduce fraud and enhance national security.

The Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, Establishing a Fixed Time Period of Admission and an Extension of Stay Procedure for Nonimmigrant Academic Students, Exchange Visitors and Representatives of Foreign Information Media, proposes to remove the duration of status framework that currently allows aliens in F, J and I classifications to remain in the United States for as long as they maintain compliance with the terms of admission.

“This effort would create a fixed time period of admission for certain aliens, consistent with most other temporary visa classifications, while still allowing these aliens an opportunity to legally extend their stay or re-apply for admission where appropriate,” said Senior Official Performing the Duties of the Deputy Secretary Ken Cuccinelli. “Amending the relevant regulations is critical in improving program oversight mechanisms; preventing foreign adversaries from exploiting the country’s education environment; and properly enforcing and strengthening U.S. immigration laws.”

Under the proposed rule, F or J nonimmigrants would be admitted into the United States for a period up to the end date of their program, not to exceed four years, unless DHS determines that the nonimmigrant is subject to a shorter period of authorized stay limited to two years. Aliens from countries associated with high visa overstay rates(rates greater than 10% for student and exchange visitors)will be limited to up to a two-year fixed period of stay to increase monitoring, deter immigration violations and incentivize timely departure.

Additional factors that may trigger a two-year period of authorized stay include an alien’s birth or citizenship from a country on the State Sponsors of Terrorism list; whether a school or program sponsor is an E-Verify participant in good standing; and, for F nonimmigrants, whether a school is accredited by an accrediting agency recognized by the Secretary of Education. Lawfully present F or J nonimmigrants who were admitted for duration of status will automatically have their stay extended up to the program end date, not to exceed four years, once the final rule is effective. 

DHS has proposed initially admitting most I nonimmigrants for a period of time necessary to complete the planned activities or assignments consistent with the I classification, not to exceed 240 days, with an opportunity to extend their stay for a maximum of 240 days based on the length of relevant activities.

Other updates found in the proposed rule include decreasing an F nonimmigrant’s period to prepare for departure from 60 to 30 days; collecting routine biometrics from F, J and I nonimmigrants seeking an extension of stay; establishing clear eligibility criteria for F nonimmigrants seeking an extension of stay; and defining a foreign media organization consistent with U.S. Department of State and DHS policy.

The significant growth of the F, J and I visa programs has necessitated this proposed update to ensure the integrity of the U.S. immigration system, but this rule does not propose changes to the underlying requirements to qualify for these nonimmigrant classifications.

Last Published Date: September 24, 2020
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