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外媒评选最“坑”的12个专业,英语专业排名第8,第1名竟然是...
作者:沪江英语 | 2024/2/17 12:11:26 | 浏览:1073 | 评论:0
网上有个段子:选专业、选对象、选外卖,是人生中最需要认真做选择的三件事。

尤其是选专业,影响之深远,常常另无数职场打工人午夜梦回、捶胸顿足:假如当年换个专业,现在的我会不会更快乐?

其实不止我们,老外其实也常常为专业这个问题发愁。

In a recent survey of job seekers by the job-search platform ZipRecruiter, 44% of respondents with college degrees said they regretted choosing their major — with English, communications, sociology, and marketing management falling under the most regretted majors. 

在求职平台ZipRecruiter最近对求职者进行的一项调查中,44%的大学毕业生表示他们后悔选择了自己的专业,其中英语、传播学、社会学和市场营销管理被列为最后悔的专业。

Within each field, the survey found, the highest-paid respondents were more likely to be happy about their college-major choice. 
调查发现,在每个领域中,高收入者更可能对自己的大学专业选择感到满意。

外媒评选最“坑”的12个专业,英语专业排名第8,第1名竟然是...

While many college advisors will tell you that no major is truly useless — even ZipRecruiter found that of those who regretted their choice of major, 72% said they would choose it again — job experts caution against certain majors that limit your career options and salary potential.
尽管许多大学顾问会告诉你,没有什么专业完全没用的——甚至ZipRecruiter也发现,在那些后悔自己专业选择的人中,72%的人表示他们会再次选择这个专业——不过,就业专家警告不要选择某些专业,这些专业会限制你的职业选择和工资潜力。

01

表演或戏剧艺术

Acting or theater arts

谁能想到外媒竟然会把表演专业放在第一位?!这要是搁国内,能考上中戏北电上戏的表演专业,还愁以后赚不到钱吗?日薪不是高达206万吗?

不过,能大红大紫的毕竟是少数人,也要考虑到那些学了表演但最终无法从事演艺工作的人。

外媒评选最“坑”的12个专业,英语专业排名第8,第1名竟然是...

Brianna Doe, a marketing manager at Inventables who's also a certified career coach and mentor for Arizona State University students and recent graduates, told Insider acting and theater degrees weren't likely to provide transferable skills.

布丽安娜·多伊是Inventables的市场经理,也是亚利桑那州立大学学生和应届毕业生的认证职业教练和导师,她告诉Insider杂志,表演和戏剧学位不可能提供可转移技能。


She said the new graduates she'd mentored who studied these fields had struggled to find roles outside theater, especially in the current economic climate, and an internship at a local theater isn't likely to boost your résumé for a corporate role.
她说,她指导过的戏剧专业应届毕业生都很难找到戏剧以外的工作,特别是在目前的经济环境下,在当地剧院的实习不可能提高你的履历在企业中的竞争力。

02

电影

Film

和表演专业一样,它的尴尬之处就是:科班毕业的学生不一定能吃演员这碗饭,倒是有很多非科班出身的人在该行业“大放异彩“。这个专业与上面一样,都需要丰富的实践经验。

外媒评选最“坑”的12个专业,英语专业排名第8,第1名竟然是...

Film is similar to acting in that you don't need a degree to succeed in the field,Kelly Donovan, who's been a career coach since 2008 and is the principal of Kelly Donovan & Associates, a firm that works with job seekers nationwide, told Insider. 
凯利·多诺万告诉Insider,电影与表演类似,你不需要学位就能在这个领域取得成功,她从2008年开始担任职业教练,是为全国求职者提供服务的Kelly Donovan & Associates公司的负责人。

"Racking up massive student-loan debt for a film degree is risky," she said.Instead, she said to think about the degree after getting some in-the-field experience.
她说:“为了一个电影学位而背负大量的学生贷款债务是有风险的,”她表示,相反,可以在获得一些实践经验之后再考虑这个学位。


03

人类学

Anthropology

人类学,可以说是最神秘的专业之一了,可能很多人都不知道人类学究竟是学什么的?具体来说,人类学是研究人及其文化的学科。人类在不同环境中创造出不同的社会、政治、经济制度和宗教体系,而人类学者则通过比较研究,找出这些文化制度之间的异同,从而探求人类存在的本质。

外媒评选最“坑”的12个专业,英语专业排名第8,第1名竟然是...

If you want to get a job as an anthropologist, you'll likely need to go to graduate school. Otherwise, Donovan said, your bachelor's won't be useful.
如果你想找到一份人类学家的工作,你可能需要去读研究生。否则,多诺万说,你的学士学位就没有用了。

04

文明研究

Civilization studies
文明研究又是什么专业?感觉有点类似考古学,而考古学这个专业也是够复杂。在中国,考古学是历史学的分支,而在美国和加拿大则被视为人类学的分支之一,在欧洲被当作独立学科或历史学的一部分。外媒评选最“坑”的12个专业,英语专业排名第8,第1名竟然是...
Unless you're going into the field of archaeology, Doe said there's not much you could do with a major in civilization studies when trying to land a job because it's such a specific area of study — the degree focuses on how the world and civilization have evolved and is designed for those who want to work in archaeology.
多伊说,除非你要进入考古学领域,否则在找工作时,你的文明研究专业能做的不多,因为它是一个非常具体的研究领域——该学位侧重于世界和文明是如何演变的,是为那些想从事考古学工作的人设计的。

05

哲学

Philosophy

外媒评选最“坑”的12个专业,英语专业排名第8,第1名竟然是...

Philosophy is another niche degree that isn't much use outside the field if you don't pair it with a graduate degree. According to Doe, it's not worth spending the money if you don't plan on working in that field. While some skills the degree teaches, such as critical thinking and analysis, are useful, it might be hard to market yourself outside academia.
哲学是另一个小众的学位,如果你不读到研究生,在这个领域之外没有什么用处。根据多伊的说法,如果你不打算在该领域工作,就不值得花这笔钱。虽然哲学所教授的一些技能,如批判性思维和分析,是很有用的,但在学术界以外可能很难找到工作。

06

心理学

Psychology

外媒评选最“坑”的12个专业,英语专业排名第8,第1名竟然是...

Many roles in the field of psychology require graduate degrees, so if that's not in your plan, Donovan said, it's not the right move because the earning potential is much lower without a graduate degree.
多诺万说,心理学领域的许多工作都需要研究生学位,所以如果这不在你的计划之内,就不推荐选择心理学,因为只有本科学位的话,收入要低很多。

"You could still use your knowledge of human behavior to build a strong career in a field like sales, but you could also just earn a business degree and take a few psychology classes as electives," she said.
她说:“你仍然可以利用你的人类行为知识在销售等领域大展宏图,但你也可以只修个商学位学位,并选修一些心理学课程。”

07

传播学

Communications

外媒评选最“坑”的12个专业,英语专业排名第8,第1名竟然是...

Building a career with a communications degree alone can be challenging, Ronnie Green, a retired career counselor for Jewish Community Services, told Insider. She said communications was one of the most common degrees among people who sought career counseling from her.
犹太社区服务的退休职业顾问罗尼·格林(Ronnie Green)告诉Insider记者,仅凭传播学学位不太具有职业竞争力。她说,在向她寻求职业咨询的人中,传播学是最常见的学位之一。

08

英语

English

外媒评选最“坑”的12个专业,英语专业排名第8,第1名竟然是...

Majoring in English can be a smart move if you plan to be a teacher or a writer, but it's hard to carve out a lifelong career from this major without going to graduate school, Green said.
格林说,如果你打算成为一名教师或作家,主修英语可能是一个明智之举,但如果不读到研究生,很难从这个专业中开辟出一个终身从事的职业。

An English degree can serve you well in careers related to writing and content creation, such as journalism, web-content writing, copywriting, technical writing, or grant writing. But students who aren't sure what they want to do after graduation should go with a business major because that comes with more-transferable skills, Doe said.
英语专业可以在与写作和内容创作相关的职业中得到很好的应用,如新闻、网络内容写作、文案写作、技术写作或资助写作。但是,不确定毕业后想做什么的学生应该选择商科专业,因为可以学到更多的可转移技能,多伊说。

09

历史学

History

外媒评选最“坑”的12个专业,英语专业排名第8,第1名竟然是...

Like an English degree, history is useful only if you want to get a job related to history. You might also need a graduate degree for some of those roles, such as professor, librarian, or lawyer.
与英语学位一样,历史学只有在你想从事与历史有关的工作时才有用。有些工作还需要读到研究生学历,如教授、图书管理员或律师。

10

室内设计

Interior design

外媒评选最“坑”的12个专业,英语专业排名第8,第1名竟然是...

Interior design is another specific degree that's useful pretty much only if you go into the field.
室内设计是另一个特定的学位,几乎只有在你从事室内设计时才有用。

"You're not going to get your return on investment," Doe said, adding that you're better off going with a graphic-design degree.
“你很难得到相应的回报,”多伊说,并补充说最好选择平面设计学位。

11

市场营销

Marketing

外媒评选最“坑”的12个专业,英语专业排名第8,第1名竟然是...

There are plenty of career options in marketing, but Doe said the field was rapidly changing." You can't even really read a book about marketing and expect it to be completely irrelevant by the time you're done," she said.
市场营销有很多职业选择,但多伊说这个领域正在迅速变化。“你甚至不能真的读一本关于市场营销的书,并期望在读完时它完全不相关,”她说。

12

摄影

Photography
Photography can be a great career path, but Donovan said you didn't need a four-year degree to get work in the field.
摄影可以是一个伟大的职业道路,但多诺万说,你不需要一个四年制的学位就能在这个领域获得工作。

"You could take a few photography classes on an ad-hoc basis rather than going into debt pursuing a degree for four years," she said.
她说:“你可以临时上几节摄影课,而不必为了一个四年的学位而负债累累。”

【今日话题】

假如再你一次机会

你还会选择原来的专业吗?







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