用户名:  密码:   
网站首页即时通讯活动公告最新消息科技前沿学人动向两岸三地人在海外历届活动关于我们联系我们申请加入
栏目导航 — 美国华裔教授专家网活动公告学术论坛
关键字  范围   
 
南加大(USC)美中学院学术研讨活动系列 Talking Points(7/10-20)
南加大(USC)美中学院学术研讨活动系列 Talking Points(7/10-20)
2011/7/11 15:42:10 | 浏览:1932 | 评论:1

南加大(USC)美中学院学术研讨活动系列 Talking Points(7/10-20)

Talking Points
July 10 - 20, 2011

skip to the calendar | view on the web

Dear Zhenying,

 南加大(USC)美中学院学术研讨活动系列 Talking Points(7/10-20)

Students form the character dang or Party.

 We’ve had a flurry of important anniversary celebrations. On July 1, China`s Communist Party marked its 90th birthday and nearly 62 years in power. Among political parties, only North Korea`s party, installed by the Soviet Union, has been in power longer. The party`s celebration has included speeches, song fests, television miniseries, and a feature film that has been screening in major North American cities.

In Beijing, CCP General Secretary Hu Jintao spoke for more than an hour. His central point was hardly surprising:“Success in China hinges on the Party.” The CCP had “ended the misery endured by China in modern times when it suffered from both domestic turmoil and foreign invasion and was poor and weak” and “started the Chinese nation`s historic march for development, growth, and great rejuvenation.” Continued CCP leadership was essential, Hu explained, for continued progress.(Click here for the full speech. Click here for more information on Party growth.)

For the Party to do its job well, Hu said it needed to make policy adjustments as circumstances dictate, pay special attention to recruiting and promoting talented people, and battle corruption. He dwelt at length on this last point. The Party, Hu said, needed to remain focused on promoting economic development, but at the same time had to maintain social stability. Hu called for strengthening Party-led social administration(社会管理)to achieve this.

Commentators focused on Hu’s frequent mention of the need for stability and the dangers posed by incompetence, isolation from the masses, and corruption. None of this was particularly new. In fact, for many, the most newsworthy thing about the talk was that Hu’s predecessor, Jiang Zemin, was not there to hear it. Reports circulated that Jiang had died or was gravely ill. To squelch further discussion, internet monitors set up automated blocks on the popular microblog site Weibo(part of Sina.com). Since Jiang`s name also means river, the "jiang" block erased China`s rivers from the service for a time. On July 7, China’s state news agency said the reports were “pure rumor.” No explanation, however, was given for Jiang’s absence.

 南加大(USC)美中学院学术研讨活动系列 Talking Points(7/10-20)

 Four generations of CCP leaders:Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin, and Hu Jintao.

In addition to being described as the core of the Party’s third generation of leaders and featured in banners and posters, Jiang Zemin was included in some of the memorabilia companies produced to mark the 90th anniversary.

 南加大(USC)美中学院学术研讨活动系列 Talking Points(7/10-20)

 南加大(USC)美中学院学术研讨活动系列 Talking Points(7/10-20)

L:Thin silver-coated bars with portraits of Mao, Deng, Jiang, Hu, and representatives of the armed forces. Only 5,000 boxed sets, on sale for $37 each; R:A pair of Seagull watches(only the pocket watch is pictured), with Mao’s likeness, the hammer and sickle, and the reminder to “serve the people.” Only 999 sets are available, at $4,586 each.

In Chongqing, millions of people have joined in various “red” song fests since Municipal Party Secretary Bo Xilai launched them as part of a “red culture movement” in 2008. He also turned the municipality’s

南加大(USC)美中学院学术研讨活动系列 Talking Points(7/10-20)

One of the Red Games logos.

南加大(USC)美中学院学术研讨活动系列 Talking Points(7/10-20)

A scene from Yan`an Love.

 南加大(USC)美中学院学术研讨活动系列 Talking Points(7/10-20)

A scene from My Youth in Yan`an.

national satellite station into a “red” station, beginning by dropping American Idol-like competitions. In March, the station eliminated commercials and bumped soap operas and comedies out of prime time in favor of revolutionary-themed dramas and red song fests. Revenue from the municipality’s eleven commercial(and ratings-minded)stations subsidize the “red” station.

Bo and other Chongqing officials are sensitive to suggestions they are trying to bring back the spirit of the Cultural Revolution, arguing that none of the 36 songs promoted in the last couple of months “is ultraleftist.” He argues that these songs, including “Go China,” “Chongqing Days,” and “Sisters Forever” are merely patriotic tunes promoting love of country, community, and family.

The run up to the anniversary included the second annual “Red Games”红色运动会)in Qingyang, Gansu province. Sixty-one teams from across China joined the competition. There were fourteen different events, including stretcher-carrying. Some participants wore revolutionary-era inspired uniforms as they crawled under wire and ran through a “minefield” of traffic cones. Qingyang was a stop was a stop on the CCP’s 1934-35 “Long March.”

In addition to the revival of old revolutionary dramas, television stations produced new soap operas set in the place the Long March ended:Yan`an, the revolutionary base area in Shaanxi province. Zhejiang television created Yan`an Love, a 38-episode soap opera that starts in 1938 and is partly set at the revolutionary base area. Hunan television offered the 20-episode My Youth in Yan`an.


As it did in 2009 to mark the 60th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic, China’s leaders invested in a sprawling film. In Chinese, the film is The Great Undertaking of Founding the Party建党伟业), but the formal English title is Beginning of the Great Revival. Combining the two provides the film’s simple message:creating the CCP was a great achievement which saved China. As they did for the 2009 film, Han Sanping and Huang Jianxin served as co-directors and this time worked with more than 170 prominent actors. The budget was $12 million, more than the 2009 film and ten times the cost of most Chinese films.

 南加大(USC)美中学院学术研讨活动系列 Talking Points(7/10-20)

 南加大(USC)美中学院学术研讨活动系列 Talking Points(7/10-20)

 

The film focuses on the decade between the collapse of the Qing dynasty and the creation of the CCP in 1921. While the overarching theme is clear, the story is complex. Many viewers wish they were armed with a chart showing alliances and a map showing key locations. Important figures pop into the story(and their name pops up beside them). The filmmakers make sure that peripheral figures who later loom large are included(the most obvious of these is 16 year old Deng Xiaoping, who appears in a scene in France, not speaking, but dutifully taking notes). Zhu De is the film’s action hero, Mao Zedong and Yang Kaihui are the featured lovers. Yuan Shikai’s efforts at dynastic restoration are emphasized along with the warlordism that follows. Some of the intellectual ferment of the age is hinted at and the 1919 student protests of how China was treated in the Treaty of Versailles pound home the idea that the imperialists would not, of their own accord, end their dissection of China.

Because the sweep of the film is so ambitious, the execution, while technically impressive, is often simplistic. For example, the notion of uniting workers and farmers into a single unstoppable force is developed in a few sentences Li Dazhao and Chen Duxiu exchange one night over dishes. While the founders’ embrace of the Bolshevik example is clear, the extent of Soviet logistical support and guidance is not.

What does come through is that creating the CCP was not easy. The struggle to seize power, however, was even greater and would take nearly three decades.

*****

Beginning of the Great Revival opened June 22 on more than 6,000 screens across China. Many people have seen the film, some on field trips from their schools or workplaces. Many are drawn by the chance to see so many stars in a single film. Box office figures are always a bit fuzzy, but this is particularly the case here. Some allege that the books are being cooked. Some theater-patrons are getting printed tickets for the film, but actually going to see other movies. It’s impossible to know how widespread this practice is. China Film Group, Beginning’s distributor, said the film took in more than $16 million in its first five days.

Here in the U.S., the film was in 29 theaters and took in $99,257 during its first week. During the same week, Cars 2 was in 4,115 theaters and took in $99 million.

Still, Beginning did significantly better in the U.S. than another Chinese film, City of Life and Death南京!南京!Nanjing! Nanjing! in Chinese), directed by Lu Chuan. That amazing film was produced in 2009 about the 1937 Japanese attack on and occupation of Nanjing, then China`s capital. In two months since its May release, City has sold $82,225 worth of tickets.

*****

 南加大(USC)美中学院学术研讨活动系列 Talking Points(7/10-20)

 One question raised about the film is indicative of today`s China, with its hybrid "socialist market economy." Did Omega, the Swiss watchmaking giant, pay to have one of its products showcased?

Mao`s wife, Yang Kaihui, gives him an Omega pocket watch. Bloggers and reporters raised the issue. Filmmaker Han Sanping and Omega both deny this was a case of "product placement." Actor Liu Ye(Mao)said he had no idea if the gift-giving scene was historically accurate.

Product placement is increasingly important in big budget Chinese and American films. Perhaps half of the production budget for last year`s blockbuster hit, Aftershock大地震), came from product placement fees paid by BMW and other firms.

Omega is China`s leading luxury watch brand. Actress Zhang Ziyi advertises for the company. Omega gets 35% of its worldwide sales in China(compared to about 10% in the U.S.). Mao, incidentally, is said to have kept an Omega watch he received in 1945 until his death.

*****

With increasing affluence, Chinese are traveling, and “red tourism” is part of that boom. In 2010, 430 million people visited “red tourist” destinations, about one-fifth of all domestic tourism. For many years, the Chinese state paid to send people to the revolutionary holy land of Yan’an. Now, plenty of people are paying their own way. While there, many rent and wear period uniforms and watch battle reenactments.

南加大(USC)美中学院学术研讨活动系列 Talking Points(7/10-20)

Yan`an tourism, 2004 photo by Lynne Joiner, author of Honorable Survivor:Mao`s China, McCarthy`s America, and the Persecution of John S. Service.

 

On July 4, Chongqing officials and entrepreneurs announced plans to build a $387 million Red Classic Theme Park. Visitors could see replicas of CCP landmarks.By July 7, however, the project had been shelved as unrealistic. Visitors to Beijing`s Temple of Heaven learn about the numerical symbolism of the altars and the hall. Red Classic was going to be replete with such symbolism as well, beginning with a 1949 square meter flag to remember the year the People`s Republic was founded.

*****

Of course, we also noted the July 4 celebration of the founding of the U.S. The big film this Fourth is the third installment in the Transformers series. It has thus far brought in $261 million in the U.S. and a staggering $645 million worldwide. The previous installment earned $70 million in China, making it the 6th top grossing film of all time in China.

Americans watch movies and television shows about our history. They don’t do especially well at the theater box office and as a result are not be as plentiful as their counterparts in China in recent years. Docudramas(John Adams, Washington, and so on)have had television success. Large numbers of Americans travel to battlefields and other historical sites and a surprising number of people participate in reenactments of Revolutionary and Civil War battles. At least three magazines are dedicated to “covering” those wars. Public television has its American Experience series and major documentary series. Public radio has a weekly show The Jefferson Hour featuring a scholar impersonating Jefferson. The History Channel’s special mix of myth-making and myth-busting has proven popular.

As in China, we celebrate in the U.S. with food, music, and fireworks. The systems growing out of the founding of the CCP and America`s break with Britain, though, are obviously quite different. In China, the CCP tolerates no opposition and, as seen in the Jiang incident above, seeks to strictly regulate what can be disseminated about its current and past leaders. Another such example involved the 2009 use of Mao’s image by a karoke parlor. The parlor was ordered to take its signs down. Compare that to the routine use of the images of Washington, Jefferson, and Lincoln for all sorts of advertisements here.

 南加大(USC)美中学院学术研讨活动系列 Talking Points(7/10-20) 

 南加大(USC)美中学院学术研讨活动系列 Talking Points(7/10-20)

 南加大(USC)美中学院学术研讨活动系列 Talking Points(7/10-20)

Top:In 2009 a Zhejiang karoke parlor operator thought that Mao would help bring in customers. He was told to take the posters down; L:This Apple computer ad is from 1981; R:This Budweiser ad is from 1948.

We hope you enjoyed whatever holidays you may have marked recently. Thank you for reading Talking Points and for sharing it with friends and colleagues. We always welcome your comments at uschina@usc.edu. Please also consider a donation to support the institute and its many programs.

We`ll be back soon to discuss two other US-China anniversaries.

Best wishes,
The USC US-China Institute
Subscribe at http://china.usc.edu/subscribe.aspx
Talking Points archive:http://china.usc.edu/resources60.aspx

相关栏目:『学术论坛
UCLA CCS 2021 Sammy Yukuan Lee Seminar and Lecture 2021-10-20 [47]
国防科技大学空天科学学院首届“拓天”青年学者论坛诚邀天下英才 2021-10-14 [116]
西来大学(UWest)专题研讨会: 关清博士谈“商业预测" 2021-10-11 [114]
加州州立大学北岭分校中国所研讨会:Harold F. Giedt Lecture Series 2021-10-08 [162]
UCLA CCS|Translator's Studio:In Conversation with John Balcom 2021-09-30 [152]
UCLA CCS| 龍應台:From Wild Fire to the Big Sea(10/15/21) 2021-09-30 [192]
海纳英才!西北工业大学第八届翱翔青年学者论坛欢迎您! 2021-10-01 [266]
COMAP joins STEM at IITSEC 2021-09-24 [188]
UWest专题研讨会 | 程文博士《数据挖掘:理论与应用》 2021-09-09 [389]
广西大学第四届国际青年学者君武论坛诚邀您参加! 2021-09-09 [360]
相关栏目更多文章
最新图文:
:陈文玲: 必须推动中美关系回到正确轨道 Colleen Flaherty 翻译 刘勤:MIT教授发文《美国经济评论》 :生命科学受益于明星科学家们的死亡 :北京和上海金融人的最新鄙视链 :日本政府《氢能利用进度表》 :美国《2016-2045年新兴科技趋势报告》 :天津工业大学“经纬英才”引进计划 :浙江财经大学国际青年学者论坛的邀请函 (10/31-11/1) :美国加大审查范围 北大多名美国留学生遭联邦调查局质询
更多最新图文
更多《即时通讯》>>
patrik说:留言于2013-04-20 09:05:47(第1条)
OK
 
打印本文章
 
您的名字:
电子邮件:
留言内容:
注意: 留言内容不要超过4000字,否则会被截断。
未 审 核:  是
  
关于我们联系我们申请加入后台管理设为主页加入收藏
美国华裔教授专家网版权所有,谢绝拷贝。如欲选登或发表,请与美国华裔教授专家网联系。
Copyright © 2021 ScholarsUpdate.com. All Rights Reserved.